Abilo Tadesse Weldetsadik, Zewdu Hurrisa, Ermias Diro


A 29-year-old male patient was diagnosed to have visceral leishmaniasis at initial presentation, and later developed visceral leishmaniasis-associated hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis, as evidenced by persistent fever, worsening organomegaly and cytopenia, hyperferritinemia, hyperlipidemia, elevated transaminases, and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow aspirate. The case is presented and discussed with available literature review.

Key words: Visceral leishmaniasis, hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis.


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